Chen-Wei Liu


Professor,  Inorganic Chemistry

Phone: 03-8633607 (O) 03-8633608(Lab)

Fax: 03-863-3570  


Office hour: 10:00-12:00, Thursday

National Dong Hwa University, Shou-Feng, Hualien, 974,  Taiwan

  • Education

BS., Fu Jen Catholic University ,Taiwan (1986)

Ph.D., Texas A&M University (1994)


  • Experience

Postdoctoral Fellow, Texas A&M University (1995)

Postdoctoral Fellow, Academia Sinica  (1996-97)

Associate Professor, Chung Yuan Christian University (1997-2002)

Professor, Chung Yuan Christian University (2002-2005)

Professor, Department of Chemistry, National Dong Hwa University, Taiwan (2005-)


  • Professional Affiliations

American Chemical Society

Phi Lambda Upsilon

New York Academic of Science

Chinese Chemical Society


  • Honor

Distinguished Young Investigator Award of the Chinese Chemical Society, 2002.

Panel, National Science Council 2003 ~

Outstanding Research Award, Chung Yuan Christian University, 2004.

  • Research Interests
  1. Metal clusters containing chalcophosphate ligands.

  2. Anionic recognition: Characterization of hypercoordinated closed shell ions in an unusual coordination geometry.

  3. Development of luminescent, nano-sized scale material; Metal selenide and metal phosphate nanomaterials

  4. Nano-porous coordination polymers


  • Selected Publications



    1.          Liu, C. W.; Chen, H.-C.; Wang, J.-C.; Keng, T.-C. 2001, Cu12(P2Se6)[Se2P(OR)2]8: Discrete copper clusters containing an ethane-like hexaselenodiphosphate(IV). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 40, 2342-2344. [SCI, NSC 89-2113-M-033-017]


    2.          Liu, C. W.; Liaw, B.-J.; Wang, J.-C.; Liou, L.-S.; Keng, T.-C. 2002, Dithiolate clusters of copper(I): utilization of all possible coordination sites of 1-(diethoxyphosphinyl)-1 -cyanoethylene-2, 2-dithiolate. J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 1058-1065. [SCI, NSC-90-2113-M-033-014]


    3.          Liu, C. W.; Shang, I.-J.; Hung, C.-M.; Wang, J.-C.; Keng, T.-J. 2002, Novel silver diselenophosphate clusters: structures of Ag10( µ10-Se)[Se2P(OEt)2]8 and {Ag[Se2P(OPri)2]}6. J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 1974-1979. [SCI, NSC-90-2113-M-033-014]


    4.          Liu, C. W.; Hung, C.-M.; Wang, J.-C.; Keng, T.-C. 2002, Characterizations of Cu11( µ9 -Se)( µ3-I)3[Se2P(OR)2]6 ( R = iPr, Pr) by X-ray diffraction and multinuclear NMR. J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 3482-3488. [SCI, NSC-91-2113-M-033-006]


    5.          McNeal, C. J.; Liu, C. W.; Song, S.; Huang, Y.; Macfarlane, R. D.; Irwin, M. D.; Fackler, J. P. Jr. 2003, Characterization of {M8[S2CC(CN)2]6}4-, where M = CuI and AgI, homocubane clusters by 252Cf-plasma desorption mass spectrometry. Int. J. Mass Spectrom. 222, 493-501.


    6.          Liu, C. W.; Hung, C.-M.; Haia, H.-C.; Liaw, B.-J.; Liou, L.-S.; Tsai, Y.-F.; Wang, J.-C. 2003, Ag8Cl2[Se2P(OEt)2]6: A Rare Example Containing a Combination of Discrete Clusters and Chains. Chem. Commun. 976-977. [SCI, NSC-91-2113-M-033-006]


    7.          Liu, C. W.; Hung, C.-M.; Santra, B. K.; Chen, H.-C.; Hsueh, H.-H.; Wang, J.-C. 2003, Novel chloride-centered discrete CuI 8 cubic clusters containing diselenophosphate ligands. Syntheses and structures of Cu8(µ8-Cl) [Se2P(OR)2]6PF6 (R = Et, Pr, iPr) Inorg. Chem. 42, 3216-3220. [SCI, NSC-91-2113-M-033-006]


    8.          Liu, C. W.; Hung, C.-M.; Santra, B. K.; Wang, J.-C.; Kao, H.-M; Lin, Z.-Y. 2003, Ligand Substitution in Cubic Clusters: Surprising Isolation of theCo-crystallization Products of Cu8( µ8 -Se)[S2P(OEt)2]6 and Cu6[S2P(OEt)2]6. Inorg. Chem. 42, 8551-8556. [SCI, NSC-92-2113-M-033-012]


    9.          Santra, B, K.; Liaw, B.-J.; Hung, C.-M.; Liu, C. W.; Wang, J.-C. 2003, Syntheses, Solid State Structures, and Solution Studies by VT 31P NMR of[Zn{Se2P(OEt)2}2] and [Zn2{Se2P(OiPr)2}4]. Inorg. Chem. 42. 8866-8871. [SCI, NSC-92-2113-M-033-012]


    10.          Liu, C. W.; Fackler, J. P. Jr., in Science of Synthesis, Houben-Weyl Methods of Molecular Transformation; Thieme, Stuttgart, 2004; Vol 3. Chapter 5. pp 663-690.


    11.          Liu, C. W.; Hung, C.-M.; Santra, B.-K.; Chu, Y.-H.; Lin, Z.; Wang, J.-C.; 2004, A Nonacoordinated Bridging Selenide in a Tricapped Trigonal PrismaticGeometry Identified in Undecanuclear Copper Clusters. Syntheses, Structures and DFT calculations. Inorg. Chem. 43. 4306-4314. [SCI, NSC-92-2113-M-033-012]


    12.          Liu, C. W.; Liaw B.-J.; Liou, L.-S. 2004, Syntheses and structures of silver(I) clusters uniquely exhibiting three distinct binding modes, two of which are novel, for a dithiphosphate ligand. Inorg. Chem. Commun. 7. 868-870. [SCI, NSC-92-2113-M-033-012]


    13.          Liu, C. W.; Haia, H.-C.; Hung, C.-M. Santra, B. K.; Liaw, B.-J.; Lin, Z.; Wang, J.-C. 2004, New halide-centered discrete AgI 8 cubic clusters containing diselenophosphate ligands, Ag8( µ8 -X)[Se2P(OR)2]6PF6 (X = Cl, Br; R = Et, Pr, iPr). Syntheses, structures and DFT calculations. Inorg. Chem. 43. 4464-4470. [SCI, NSC-92-2113-M-033-012]


    14.          Chen, J.-M.; Santra, B. K.; Liu, C. W. 2004, Intermolecular Se Se interactions observed in indium compounds containing dialkyl diselenophosphate ligands: syntheses, structure, and solution studies of [In{Se2P(OR)2}3] (R = Et, iPr). Inorg. Chem. Commun. 7, 1103-1105. [SCI, NSC-93-2113-M-033-002]


    15.          Liu, C. W.; Irwin, M. D.; Mohamed, A. A.; Fackler, J. P. Jr. 2004, Cluster self-assembly of centered cubes of copper(I) with dialkyldithiophosphate ligands. X-ray structures of [Cu8(DDP)6( µ8 -X)](PF6) (DDP = S2P(OiPr)2; X = Cl, Br) and their relationship to oxide and sulfide centered Zinc(II) dialkyldithiophosphates, [Zn4(DDP)6( µ4 -S or O)]. Inorg. Chim. Acta. 357, 3950-3956.


    16.          Santra, B, K.; Hung, C.-M.; Liaw, B.-J.;Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C. W. 2004, The First, Discrete Zn4 Tetrahedron With A Selenium Atom in the Center: X-Ray Structure, and Solution Study of [Zn4( µ4 -Se){Se2P(OPr)2}6]. Inorg. Chem. 43. 7570-7572. [SCI, NSC-93-2113-M-033-002]


    17.          Liu, C. W. 2005, Phosphor-1, 1-diselenolato metal complexes of group 11 and 12. Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Silicon. 180. 923-933. [SCI, NSC-92-2113-M-033-012]


    18.          Liu, C. W.; Liaw, B.-J.; Liu, L.-S.; Wang J.-C. 2005, A 2D Honeycomb-Shaped Network Based on A Starburst Cluster: Ag4( µ3 -Cl)(dppe)1.5[S2P(OR)2]3. Chem. Commun. 1983-1985. [SCI, NSC-93-2113-M-033-002]


    19.          Liu, C. W.; Lobana, T. S.; Xiao, J.-L.; Liu, H.-Y.; Liaw, B.-J.;Hung, C.-M.; Lin, Z. 2005, Syntheses, Structures and VT NMR Studies of Diselenophosphates of Group 14  Organometals. DFT Calculations for Gas Phase Stability of Dinuclear Ions, [(Ph3M)2{ µ-Se, Se-P(OR)2}]+, (M=Ge, Sn, Pb). Organometallics 24, 4072-4078. [SCI, NSC-93-2113-M-033-002]


    20.          Liaw, B.-J.; Lobana, T. S.; Lin, Y.-W.; Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C. W. 2005, Versatility of Dithiophosphates in the Construction of Copper(I) Complexes with Bis(diphenylphosphino)alkanes: Abstraction of Chloride from Dichloromethane. Inorg. Chem. 44, 9921-9929. [SCI, NSC-94-2113-M-259-010]


    21.          Liu, C. W.; Lobana, T. S.; Santra, B, K.; Hung, C.-M.; Liu, H.-Y.; Liaw, B.-J.; Wang, J.-C.; 2006, Coordination Chemistry of Group 12 Metals with Phosphorodiselenoates: Syntheses, Structures and VT 31P NMR Study of Monomer Dimer Exchange Equilibrium. Dalton Trans. 560-570. [SCI, NSC-94-2113-M-259-010]


    22.          Liu, C. W.; Shang, I.-J.; Fu, J.-C.; Liaw, B.-J.; Wang, J.-C.; Chang, I.-J. 2006, Selenium-Centered Undecanuclear Silver Cages Surrounded by Iodo and Dialkyl Diselenophosphato Ligands: Syntheses, Structures and Photophysical Properties. Inorg. Chem. 45, 2335-2340. [SCI, NSC-94-2113-M-259-010]

    23. Hsu, Y.-J.; Hung, C.-M.; Lin, Y.-F.; Liaw, B.-J.; Lobana, T. S.; Lu, S.-Y.*; Liu, C. W.* 2006, [Cu4{Se2P(OiPr)2}4]: A Novel Precursor enabling Preparation of Non-stoichiometric Copper Selenide (Cu2-xSe) Nanowires. Chem. Mater. 18, 3323-3329. [SCI, NSC-94-2113-M-259-010]

    24. Hung, C.-M.; Chu, I.-H.; Santra, B. K.; Liaw, B.-J.; Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C. W.* 2006, Intermolecular Se… I Interactions Identified in Cu11(m9-Se)(m3-I)3 [Se2P(OEt)2]6 form a one dimensional polymeric chain. J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 53, 825-830. [SCI, NSC-94-2113-M-259-010]

    25. Liu, C. W.*; Chen, J.-M.; Santra, B. K.; Wen, S.-Y.; Liaw B.-J.; Wang, J.-C. 2006, A Novel Metalloreagent (Cp)(CO)2FeP(Se)(OR)2 Obtained from the P-Se Bond Cleavage in the Thermal Reaction of [CpFe(CO)2]2 with Phosphor-1, 1-Diselenolates. Inorg. Chem. 45, 8820-8822. [SCI, NSC-95-2119-M-259-001]

    26. Lobana, T. S.*; Bawa, G., Butcher, R. J.; Liaw, B.-J.; Liu, C. W. 2006, Thiosemicarbazonates of ruthenium(II): Crystal structures of [bis(diphenylphosphino)butane][bis(pyridine-2-carbaldehydethiosemicarbazonato)]ruthenium(II) and [bis(triphenylphosphine)][bis(benzaldehydethiosemicarb- azonato)] ruthenium(II). Polyhedron 25, 2897-2903

    27. Lobana, T. S.; Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C. W.* 2007, Recent Advances in the Coordination Chemistry of Diselenophosphates and Allied Ligands. Coord. Chem. Rev. 251, 91-110. [SCI, NSC-94-2113-M-259-010]

    28. Liu, C. W.*; Fang, C.-S.; Chuang, C.-W.; Lobana, T. S.; Liaw, B.-J.; Wang, J.-C. 2007, Oxidative Decarbonylation of Mo(CO)6 with [-Se(Se)P(Oi-Pr)2]2 Generates The Mixed-Valent Tetranuclear Cluster Mo4(m3-Se)4[Se2P(Oi-Pr)2]6 and A Cationic Trinuclear Cluster[Mo3(m3-Se)(m-Se2)3{Se2P(Oi-Pr)2}3]+. J. Organomet. Chem. 692, 1726-1734. [SCI, NSC-95-2119-M-259-001]

    29. Chan, Z.-K.; Chen, T. R.; Chen, J.-D.*; Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C. W. 2007, Crystal Structures and Solution Behaviors of Dinuclear d10-Metal Complexes Containing Anions of N,N’-Bis(pyrimidine-2-yl)formamidine. Dalton Trans. 3450-3458. [SCI]

    30. Lobana, T. S.*; Bawa, G.; Hundal, G.; Pannu, A. P. S.; Butcher, R. J.; Liaw, B.-J.; Liu, C. W. 2007, The influence of substituents (R) at C2 carbon on bonding properties of thiosemicarbazones {RC2(H)=N3-N2H-C1(=S)-N1H2} in palladium(II) complexes. Polyhedron 26, 4993-5000. [SCI]

    31. Chang, H.-W.; Sarkar, B.; Liu, C. W.* 2007, Synthesis of Sb2Se3 Nanowires Via A Solvothermal Route From The Single Source Precursor Sb[Se2P(OiPr)2]3. Cryst. Growth Des. 7, 2691-2695. [SCI, NSC-95-2119-M-259-001]

    32. Lin, Y.-F.; Chang, H.-W.; Lu, S.-Y.*; Liu, C. W.* 2007, Preparation, Characterizations, and Electrophysical Properties of Nanostructured BiPO4 and Bi2Se3 Derived from a Structurally Characterized, Single Source Precursor Bi[Se2P(OiPr)2]3. J. Phys. Chem. C. 111, 18538-18544. [SCI, NSC-95-2119-M-259-001]

    33. Sarkar, B.; Liaw, B.-J.; Fang, C.-S.; Liu, C. W.* 2008, Phosphonate- and Ester- Substituted 2-Cyanoethylene-1,1-Dithiolate Clusters of Zinc: Aerial CO2 Fixation and Unusual Binding Patterns. Inorg. Chem. 47. 2777-2785. [SCI, NSC-96-2113-M-259-004]

    34. Liaw, B.-J.; Yu, L.-Y.; Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C.-W.* 2008, Synthesis and Characterization of the Metal Diselenophosphates: M[Se2P(OR)2]2 (M = Pd, Pt; R = Et, Pr, iPr) Polyhedron. 27, 1818-1824. [SCI, NSC-96-2113-M-259-004]

    35. Chan, Z.-K.; Lin, C.-H.; Wang, C.-C.; Chen, J.-D.*; Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C. W. 2008, Syntheses, Structures and Magnetism of Linear Tri- and Tetra-copper Chains Containing Anions of N,N’-bis(pyrimidine-2-yl)formamidine. Dalton Transactions. 2183-2189. [SCI]

    36. Santra, B. K.; Chen, C.-L.; Sarkar, B.; Liu, C. W.* 2008, The Coordination Chemistry of Selenophosphite Ligands. Synthesis and Characterization of Heterometallic Tetranuclear Clusters, [M{CpFe(CO)2P(Se)(OR)2}3](PF6) (M=Cu, Ag; R=nPr,iPr) and [Cu(μ-X){CpFe(CO)2P(Se)(OiPr)2}]2 (X = Cl, Br) Dalton Transactions. 2270-2276. [SCI, NSC-96-2113-M-259-004]

    37. Fang, C.-S.; Huang, Y.-J.; Sarkar, B.; Liu, C. W.* 2009, Structural Studies of phosphor-1, 1-diselenoato Mn(I) and Re(I) complexes. J. Organomet. Chem. 694, 404-410. [SCI, NSC-97-2113-M-259-007-MY3]

    38. Sarkar, B.; Fang, C.-S.; Yu, L.-Y.; Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C. W.* 2009, The Chemistry of Phosphorodiselenoates: Structure, Catalysis and Formation of Se-esters. New Journal of Chemistry. 33, 626-633. [SCI, NSC-97-2113-M-259-007-MY3]

    39. Lobana, T. S.*; Bawa, G.; Butcher, R. J.; Liu, C. W. 2009, Thiosemicarbazonates of Ruthenium(II): Crystal Structures of [Bis(triphenylphosphine)bis(N-phenyl-pyridine-2-cabaldehyde)thiosemicarbazonato]ruthenium(II) and [Bis(triphenylphosphine)butane] [bis(salicylaldehyde)thiosemicarbazonato]ruthenium(II). Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 635, 355-360. [SCI]

    40. Ko, T. Y.; Yang, C. H.; Sun, K. W.*; Chang, H. W.; Sarkar, B.; Liu, C. W. 2009, Electrical and Optical Properties of a Single Sb2Se3 Nanorod. Cent. Eur. J. Chem. 7, 197-204.

    41. Liao, P.-K.; Sarkar, B.; Chang, H.-W.; Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C. W.* 2009, Facile Entrapment of a Hydride inside the Tetracapped Tetrahedral Cu8I Cage Inscribed in a S12 Icosahedral Framework. Inorg. Chem. 48. 4089-4097. [SCI, NSC-97-2113-M-259-007-MY3]

    42. Liu, C. W.*; Sarkar, B.; Liaw, B.-J.; Lin, Y.-W.; Lobana, T. S.; Wang, J.-C.; 2009, The Influence of Alkane Spacer of Bis(diphenylphosphino)alkanes on the Nuclearity of Silver(I): Syntheses and Structures of P,P’-bridged Clusters and Coordination Polymers involving Dithiophosphates. J. Organomet. Chem. 694. 2134-2141. [SCI, NSC-97-2113-M-259-007-MY3]

    43. Sarkar, B.; Wen, S.-Y.; Wang, J.-H.; Chiou, L.-S. Santra, B. K.; Liao, P.-K.; Wang, J.-C.; Liu, C. W.* 2009, Conjugate Base of a Secondary Phosphine Selenide [P(Se)(OiPr)2]- as the Bridging Ligand for the Construction of Heterometallic Fe(II)-Hg(II)/ Cd(II) Complexes. Inorg. Chem. 48. 5129-5140. [SCI, NSC-97-2113-M-259-007-MY3]

    44. Liu, C. W.*; Sarkar, B.; Huang, Y.-J.; Liao, P.-K.;Wang, J.-C.; Saillard, J.-Y.*; Kahlal, S. 2009, Octanuclear Copper(I) Clusters Inscribed in a Se12 Icosahedron: Anion Induced Modulation of the Core Size and Symmetry. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 11222-11233. [SCI, NSC-97-2113-M-259-007, NSC-98-2911-I-259-002]

    45. Sun, K. W.*; Yang, C. H.; Ko, T. Y.; Chang, H. W.; Liu, C. W. 2009, Spectroscopy of a Single Sb2Se3 Nanorod. Pure & Applied Chemistry, 81, 1511-1522. [SCI]

    46. Chiou, L.-S.; Fang, C.-S.; Sarkar, B.; Leong, M.*; Liu, C.W*. 2009, Reactivities of Secondary Phosphine Selenides Cp(CO)2FeP(Se)(OR)2: Formation of Diiodine Charge Transfer Adduct and Se-methylation. Organometallics. 28, 4958-4963. [SCI, NSC-97-2113-M-259-007-MY3]

    47.C. W. Liu, How-Wei Chang, Ching-Shiang Fang, Bijay Sarkar and Ju-Chun Wang. 2010, Anion-templated syntheses of octanuclear silver clusters from a silver dithiophosphate chain, Chem. Commun. 46, 4571-4573.


    48.C. W. Liu, Ching-Shiang Feng, Rei-Jen Fu, Hao-Wei Chang, Jean-Yves Saillard, Samia Kahlal, Ju-Chun Wang and I-Jy Chang. 2010, Structure, Photophysical Properties, and DFT Calculations of Selenide-Centered Pentacapped Trigonal Prismatic Silver(I) Clusters. Inorg. Chem. 49(11),4934-4941.


    49.Chang, W.-S.; Lin, Y.-F.; Chang, Y.-M.; Sarkar, B.; Liu, L.-K.; Liu, C. W. 2010, Synthesis and characterization of [Pb{Se2P(OiPr)2}2]n pseudo polymorphs: Polymeric, single source precursor enabling preparation of shape-controlled lead selenide structures. Dalton Transactions. 39, 2821 - 2830.


    50.C. W. Liu, Hao-Wei Chang, Bijay Sarkar, Jean-Yves Saillard, Samia Kahlal and Ying-Yann Wu. 2010,Stable Silver(I) Hydride Complexes Supported by Diselenophosphate Ligands. Inorg. Chem. 49(2), 468-475.